Category Archives: EGYPT

3000-Year-Old Pharaoh Ramses II Statue Found In Cairo Slum, And It’s “One Of The Most Important Discoveries Ever”

3000-Year-Old Pharaoh Ramses II Statue Found In Cairo Slum, And It’s “One Of The Most Important Discoveries Ever”

The massive 26 ft (8 meters) statue was found in the groundwater of a Cairo slum by archaeologists from Egypt and Germany. It is likely to represent revered Pharaoh Ramses II, who controlled Egypt more than three thousand years ago, researchers say.

The find was made near the remnants of the temple of Ramses II, in the old city of Héliopolis in the eastern part of modern Cairo, one of the most significant ever by the Minister for Antiquities.

The minister of antiquities, Khaled al-Anani, told Reuters on the site for an unveiling of the statue, they called me to announce a big discovery of a colossus made from quartzite, most likely from Ramses II.

Ramses the Great was the most powerful and celebrated ruler of ancient Egypt.  Known by his successors as the ‘Great Ancestor’, he led several military expeditions and expanded the Egyptian Empire to stretch from Syria in the east to Nubia in the south.  

He was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt and ruled from 1279 to 1213 BCE. 

‘We found the bust of the statue and the lower part of the head and now we removed the head and we found the crown and the right ear and a fragment of the right eye,’ Anani said.

Archaeologists, officials, local residents, and members of the news media looked on as a massive forklift pulled the statue’s head out of the water

The joint Egyptian-German expedition, which included the University of Leipzig, also found the upper part of a life-sized limestone statue of Pharaoh Seti II, Ramses II’s grandson, which is 80 centimeters long.

The statue believed to depict the legendary Pharaoh Ramses II, measure 8 meters long and was submerged in groundwater
A partial statue of Pharaoh Seti II, Ramses II’s grandson, and pieces of an obelisk were also recovered from the site
Ramses II believed that the world was created in Heliopolis, now known as Matariya, the slum where this statue was found
These monumental findings were unearthed by a team of German and Egyptian archaeologists, and are currently being restored

The sun temple in Heliopolis was founded by Ramses II, which increases the likelihood the statue is of him, archaeologists say. It was one of the largest temples in Egypt, almost double the size of Luxor’s Karnak, but was destroyed in Greco-Roman times. 

Many of its obelisks were moved to Alexandria or to Europe and stones from the site were looted and used for building as Cairo developed. Experts will now attempt to extract the remaining pieces of both statues before restoring them.

If they are successful and the colossus is proven to depict Ramses II, it will be moved to the entrance of the Grand Egyptian Museum, set to open in 2018. 

The discovery was made in the working-class area of Matariya, among unfinished buildings and mud roads.

Dietrich Raue, head of the expedition’s German team, told Reuters that ancient Egyptians believed Heliopolis was the place where the sun god lives, meaning it was off-limits for any royal residences.

‘The sun god created the world in Heliopolis, in Matariya. That’s what I always tell the people here when they say is there anything important. According to the pharaonic belief, the world was created in Matariya,’ Raue said.

Matariya is believed to be the site of the Ancient Egyptian sun temples, which were built to worship Ra, the god of the sun
The sun temples were purportedly double the size of Luxor’s Karnak but were destroyed during Greco-Roman times

‘That means everything had to be built here. Statues, temples, obelisks, everything. But … the king never lived in Matariya, because it was the sun god living here.’

The find could be a boon for Egypt’s tourism industry, which has suffered many setbacks since the uprising that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011 but remains a vital source of foreign currency. 

The number of tourists visiting Egypt slumped to 9.8 million in 2011 from more than 14.7 million in 2010.

A bomb attack that brought down a Russian plane carrying 224 people from a Red Sea resort in October 2015 further hit arrivals, which dropped to 1.2 million in the first quarter of 2016 from 2.2 million a year earlier.

Untouched and Unlooted 4,400-yr-old Tomb of Egyptian High Priest Discovered

Untouched and Unlooted 4,400-yr-old Tomb of Egyptian High Priest Discovered

Egyptian archaeologists discovered the tomb of a priest dating back more than 4,400 years in the pyramid complex of Saqqara south of the capital Cairo.

Antiquities Minister Khaled al-Enany told an audience of invited guests, including AFP reporters: “It is exceptionally well preserved, coloured, with sculpture inside. It belongs to a high official priest…and is more than 4,400 years old,” he said.

Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Enani at a news conference at the site of discovery

The tomb was found in a buried ridge at the ancient necropolis of Saqqara. It was untouched and unlooted, Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, told reporters at the site, according to Reuters. Saqqara served as the necropolis for Memphis, the capital of ancient Egypt for more than two millennia.

The tomb belongs to “Wahtye,” a high priest who served during the fifth dynasty reign of King Neferirkare, the antiquities ministry said.

The tomb is 10 metres (33 feet) long, three metres wide and just under three metres high, Waziri said.

View of newly discovered Egyptian tomb belonging to high priest ‘Wahtye’

The walls are decorated with hieroglyphs and statues of pharaohs. Waziri said the tomb was unique because of the statues and its near perfect condition.

“The colour is almost intact even though the tomb is almost 4,400 years old,” he said.

Archaeologists removed a last layer of debris from the tomb on Thursday and found five shafts inside, Waziri said.

One of the shafts was unsealed with nothing inside, but the other four were sealed. They are expecting to make discoveries when they excavate those shafts starting on Sunday, he said. He was hopeful about one shaft in particular.

“I can imagine that all of the objects can be found in this area,” he said, pointing at one of the sealed shafts. “This shaft should lead to a coffin or a sarcophagus of the owner of the tomb.”

The frieze on the wall of the Egyptian tomb depicting livestock

In November, archaeology officials announced the discovery in Saqqara of seven sarcophagi, some dating back more than 6,000 years, during excavation work started in April by the same archaeological mission.

Three of those tombs contained mummified cats and scarabs.

Ancient Egyptians mummified humans to preserve their bodies for the afterlife, while animal mummies were used as religious offerings. The Saqqara necropolis is also home to the famous Djoser pyramid, a 4,600-year-old construction that dominates the site and was Egypt’s first stone monument.

The tomb, built by the master architect Imhotep for the Pharoah Djoser, stood 62 metres tall originally and is considered the oldest building in the world built entirely of stone.

Egypt has revealed over a dozen ancient discoveries this year.

The country hopes the finds will brighten its image abroad and revive interest among travellers who once flocked to its iconic pharaonic temples and pyramids but who fled after the 2011 political uprising.

Prehistoric Clay Coffin Burials Uncovered in Northern Egypt

83 ancient graves discovered in Egypt’s Nile Delta

According to a statement by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, the Egyptian Archeological Mission, which is accredited by the Supreme Council of Antiquity, has confirmed that 83 graves had been found during archaeological excavations in the Koam Al-khiljan area of the Governorate of Daqahliya in Egypt.

According to Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Mostafa al-Waziri, 80 of these graves are dated back to the first half of the 4th Millennium BC, in Egypt called the Buto culture, a former city southeast of Alexandria in the Nile Delta (today Lower Egypt).

The graves are in the form of oval-shaped pits, inside which are burials designed in a squatting position rather than a sleeping position. Traditional funerary items were found buried as well, he added.

The other three graves discovered date back to Naqada III, an era from approximately 3200 BC to 3000 BC that is sometimes referred to as the protodynastic period and which saw major strides in state formation in ancient Egypt.

The Kingdoms of Lower and Upper Egypt were eventually united under the rule of a single Pharaoh around 2686 BC.

Two clay coffins were discovered as well inside the second groups of graves, which, like the others, contained burials designed in the squatting position surrounded by various funerary items, according to Ayman Ashmawy, head of the Egyptian Antiquities Sector.

The mission also found in the three tombs dating back to Naqada III two bowls used for kohl (eyeliner).

This is the first time coffins made of clay have been uncovered in the Daqahliya Governorate, Waziry noted, adding that the site must have witnessed heavy human activity during the eras of Naqada III and Buto. He said he expects more coffins of this type to be discovered at the archaeological site in the future.

The funerary artifacts discovered at the site included a collection of small, hand-made pottery, in addition to oyster shells, Ashmawy said.

Some of the discovered artifacts dated back to the second transitional period (the Hyksos period), including ovens and stoves, the remains of foundations of mud-brick buildings, four mud-brick burials, some pottery and stone utensils, and amulets and other ornaments made of semi-precious stones, according to Head of the archaeological mission and Director General of the Daqahliya Antiquities Fatehy al-Talhawy.

Mysterious Egyptian Artifact From the Bronze Age Found Off Israeli Coast

Mysterious Egyptian Artifact From the Bronze Age Found Off Israeli Coast

When Rafi Bahalul found hieroglyphs in the seabed, he took a morning dive off the coast of Atlit, Israel.

Bahalul told Haaretz “I have seen that continued swimming for a couple of meters and then realized what I had seen and dived down to touch it, “It was like entering an Egyptian temple at the bottom of the Mediterranean.”

The Egyptian Stone anchor was discovered by Bahalul about 3,500 years old, confirmed by Jacob Sharvit, Head of Maritime Archeology Units of the Israel Antiquities Authority.

The Egyptian artifact/anchor shown with hieroglyphs found on the seabed. (Laura Lachman / Israel Museum )

The anchor is currently on loan from the Israel Antiquities Authority to the Israel Museum in Jerusalem and is on display as part of its Emoglyphs: Picture-Writing from Hieroglyphs to the Emoji exhibition.

Emoglyphs is the study of the transformation of picture writing from Egyptian hieroglyphs, developed some 5,000 years ago, to the ’emojis’ of the 21st Century.

Shirly Ben-Dor Evian, the curator of Emoglyphs, said the stone would have initially been part of a larger, ornate wall relief. Repurposed as an anchor, it was cut from the relief and drilled with a hole to attach a rope.

“The stone was discovered by chance — spotted on the seabed by a swimmer,” Ben-Dor Evian told ABC News and said the relic is still being researched. “The Egyptian relief was reused as a stone anchor on a ship sailing the Mediterranean coast,” she said.

Shirly Ben-Dor Evian points to the hands of Seshat, the Egyptian deity of writing, on the stone anchor discovered off Atlit.

Addressing the mystery of how the Egyptian relic was found off the coast of Israel, Ben-Dor Evian proposed that it was separated from an Egyptian ship sailing the Mediterranean coast, perhaps lost in a shipwreck.

“The ship crew must have lost the anchor or the ship was shipwrecked,” she said, adding that whether or not the anchor can contribute to a new understanding of ancient Egyptian life is “still under research.”

The Emoglyphs exhibit at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem is running until Oct. 12, 2020.

The site where Bahalul made the chance discovery, just south of Haifa, was already known to archaeologists, according to the Jerusalem Post.

Depicted on the stone are the hands of Seshat, the Goddess of Writing, Ben-Dor Evian said. An accompanying inscription reads, “mistress of the house of books.”

Emoglyphs will be showing until October 12th.

Egypt breakthrough: ‘Lost fourth Pyramid of Giza FOUND’ after the remarkable discovery

Egypt breakthrough: ‘Lost fourth Pyramid of Giza FOUND’ after the remarkable discovery

The Great Pyramid of Giza, the Khafre pyramid and the Menkaure pyramid build on the outskirts of Cairo, all of which are constructed during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom.

But the fourth pyramid once stood on the west of the Menkaure Pyramid, which was later destroyed to build the Cairo city according to Frederik Ludvig Nord’s account, in 1737.

Nearly 300 years later Sibson revisited the definition to see if there could be hard evidence to share the findings of his “Ancient Architects” YouTube channel.

He said: “Using Norden’s own words, looking at the topography of the land and also drawing on my research from the past couple of years, I believe I have found the location for where the lost, fourth pyramid of Giza once stood.

“Looking at satellite photos of Giza, we are looking for an area slightly west of the main rough diagonal axis, an area beyond the Pyramid of Menkaure.

“I used to think the pyramid may well have sat in the rectangular enclosure to the west of the Menkaure pyramid, but this doesn’t really work as it doesn’t match Norden’s words.

“Looking at his map, we can instantly see that it isn’t to scale or accurate when comparing it to a satellite photo, but it does give us a rough estimate of how the pyramids were laid out and the fourth pyramid certainly isn’t due west of the Menkaure pyramid.

“This sketch by Norden, looking towards the southwest also shows that the fourth pyramid is on the diagonal and again is not due west of the Menkaure pyramid.

“So the obvious place for the pyramid to be is in the space outside the Menkaure enclosure and the rectangular enclosure as well.” But Sibson then made a breakthrough in his research, matching the location with what he believes to be an ancient causeway.

He added: “This would put the missing pyramid slightly due west of the rough axis of the three main pyramids on what looks to be some flat prepared ground.

“You may say that this is just guesswork, but then I remembered the Wall of the Crow, a 650-feet-long and 32-foot-high wall located to the south of the Sphinx. “It displays truly incredible stonework, with enormous blocks of stone used in its construction.

“Experts date it to the Fourth Dynasty, but I and many others suspect it actually predates the pyramids, making it one of the oldest pieces of architecture in the Giza Plateau.

“Nobody knows why it was built, but I suspect it was an old causeway, leading from where the River Nile used to be, up to the Giza Plateau, just like the three other pyramids.

“The Wall of the Crow, if extended, leads to nothing of note, but that would only be true if you are unaware of Norden’s description of a lost fourth pyramid.” Each of the three pyramids of Giza has a long causeway leading to where the River Nile once extended. Sibson’s description appears to reveal a fourth, leading to the suspected location of another pyramid.

He added: “What I’ve discovered is the Wall of the Crow would lead directly to this small patch of land that I’ve already identified as the best possible location for the fourth pyramid based on the topography and Norden’s description.

“Interestingly, it also perfectly aligns with Khufu and Khafre’s pyramids.

“I think it is certainly possible, but what happened to it? Well, some authors have suggested that it was dismantled in the 1700s, and the stone used for building the nearby city of Cairo.

“According to research, there is evidence of a pyramid being dismantled in 1759 and took 10 months.

“This pyramid would have been quite different from the others, around 100 feet smaller than the others and apparently had a cube on top, which I would guess was for a statue.” Most experts tend to dismiss the notion of a fourth pyramid, suggesting Nordon mistook one of the so-called “satellite” pyramids of Menakure as a fourth Pyramid. But, this contradicts his account, which describes the pyramid as entirely different from the others.

In his book “Voyage d’Egypte et de Nubie” (Travels in Egypt and Nubia), Norden describes the mysterious pyramid as being made of “stone more black than the common granite.” Interestingly, the description and illustrations of Norden are of superb quality, and they position the fourth, black pyramid at some distance from the three Pyramids of Giza. He also accounts for seven, possibly eight, smaller pyramids in the Giza Plateau.

Sibson revisited the description to see if he could find any hard evidence, posting the results his YouTube channel “Ancient Architects”,